Sport injuries in the knee and shoulder are among the most common conditions treated by Dr Pirjol. Although Dr Pirjol will explore all non-surgical options in treating sport injuries, his practice offers minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery to ensure that patients recover with as little pain and discomfort as possible.
Some common sport related shoulder injuries include:
The shoulder joint is among the easiest joint in the body to dislocate. Dislocations can be treated with sports therapy, physiotherapy, however, repeated dislocations can cause lasting damage. In this case, your orthopaedic surgeon may recommend arthroscopy of the shoulder and a repair of the labrum – the constraining cartilage of the shoulder.
A common cause of shoulder pain, impingement occurs when structures within the shoulder (such as tendons and bones) rub together, causing the development of bone spurs. Impingement can be treated with cortisone injections and sports physiotherapy. Arthroscopic surgery might be required to remove the bone spurs.
- Rotator cuff tears
A rotator cuff tear is a common shoulder injury, which can cause considerable discomfort and shoulder joint pain. When a rotator cuff tendon tears, the tendon pulls away from the bone, damaging the soft tissue or, in some cases, splitting the soft tissue completely. Tears can be repaired with arthroscopic surgery.
- Bicep tendon injuries
Bicep tendon injuries usually occur when the bicep tendon ruptures at the elbow or shoulder. Surgery may be required to reattach the tendon.
- Labral tears
Labral tears often occur after a fall or sharp blow to the shoulder, or with throwing and pulling sport injuries. These tears can be repaired with arthroscopy.
Some common sport related knee injuries include:
- Ligament tears
Knee ligament injuries can occur in the cruciate ligaments (anterior ACL or posterior- PCL) and the collateral ligaments (medial- MCL or lateral LCL). Ligament tears can cause considerable knee pain, and severe cases may require surgery. For more on anterior cruciate ligament (ALC) reconstruction.
Symptoms of a knee fracture include significant knee pain, swelling, and bruising. Unstable displaced fractures will require knee surgery.
- Kneecap dislocation
A kneecap dislocation occurs when the bone is pushed out of place, and soft tissues such as ligaments, muscles and tendons are damaged. For more on patella (kneecap) dislocations and how they can be treated.
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome
This condition causes knee pain in the front of the knee, and is caused by sport injuries, overuse or congenital abnormalities. It can be treated with physiotherapy, immobilization and anti-inflammatory medication, however, in some cases your orthopaedic surgeon may recommend surgery.
Some common sport related elbow injuries include:
- Tennis elbow
Despite the name this does not only effect tennis players. Lateral epicondylitis, more commonly known as tennis elbow, is a painful condition of the elbow in which the tendons are overloaded by repetitive motions of the arm and wrist. Tennis elbow is a type of tendonitis. Repetitive gripping motions involving the thumb and 2 forefingers are usually the cause of this condition, and may be treated using non-surgical treatment.
- Golfer’s elbow
Golfer's elbow (also called medial epicondylitis) is a condition of the elbow in which inflammation in the tendons connected to the forearm cause pain in the inner elbow area. Golfer’s elbow is also a type of tendonitis. It is usually caused by overuse or strain of the forearm muscles and can be treated with non-surgical methods.
Dr Pirjol performs the following surgeries for sport injuries:
- Arthroscopic meniscectomies
- Meniscal tear repairs
- Cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring, bone patella bone or allografts
- Synthetic grafts in case of repeated surgery.