Sport injuries in the knee and shoulder are among the most common conditions treated by Dr Pirjol. Although Dr Pirjol will explore all non-surgical options in treating sport injuries, his practice of minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery ensures patients will recover with as little pain and discomfort as possible.
Some common shoulder injuries include:
The shoulder joint is among the easiest joint in the body to dislocate. Dislocations can be treated with sports physiotherapy, although repeated dislocations can cause lasting damage. In this case, your orthopedic surgeon may recommend arthroscopy of the shoulder and a repair of the labrum – the constraining cartilage of the shoulder.
A common cause of shoulder pain, impingement occurs when structures within the shoulder (such as tendons and bones) rub together, causing the development of bone spurs. Impingement can be treated with cortisone injections and sports physiotherapy. Arthroscopic surgery might be required to remove the bone spurs.
- Rotator cuff tears
A rotator cuff tear is a common shoulder injury, which can cause considerable discomfort and shoulder pain. When a rotator cuff tendon tears, the tendon pulls away from the bone, damaging the soft tissue or, in some cases, splitting the soft tissue completely. Tears can be repaired with arthroscopic surgery.
- Bicep tendon injuries
Bicep tendon injuries usually occur when the bicep tendon ruptures at the elbow or shoulder. Surgery may be required to reattach the tendon.
- Labral tears
Labral tears often occur after a fall or sharp blow to the shoulder, or with throwing and pulling sport injuries. Tears can be repaired with arthroscopy.
Some common knee injuries include:
- Ligament tears
Knee ligament injuries can occur in the cruciate ligaments ( anterior ACL or posterior- PCL) and the collateral ligaments ( medial- MCL or lateral LCL). Ligament tears can cause considerable knee pain, and severe cases may require surgery. For more on anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
Symptoms of a knee fracture include significant knee pain, swelling, and bruising. Unstable displaced fractures will require knee surgery.
- Kneecap dislocation
A kneecap dislocation occurs when the bone is pushed out of place, and soft tissues such as ligaments, muscles and tendons are damaged. For more on patella (kneecap) dislocations and how they can be treated.
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome
This condition causes knee pain in the front of the knee, and is caused by sport injuries, overuse or congenital abnormalities. It can be treated with physiotherapy, immobilization and anti-inflammatory medication although in some cases your orthopedic surgeon may recommend surgery.
Dr Pirjol performs the following surgeries for sport injuries:
- Arthroscopic meniscectomies
- Meniscal repairs
- Cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring, bone patella bone or allografts
- Synthetic grafts in case of repeated surgery.