The knee is made up of three bones. These are:
These bones are held in place by ligaments, the most important ones are the:
The posterior cruciate ligament is found in the knee joint, and is situated at the back of the knee. This ligament keeps the tibia in place and helps to control the motion of the knee.
The posterior cruciate ligament can be damaged in the following ways:
Symptoms of an injury include:
An injured posterior cruciate ligament can be treated non-surgically with the following treatment options:
If the injury is severe, your orthopedic surgeon may recommend knee surgery. In this case, the ligament will be rebuilt. This is generally done by replacing the damaged ligament with a tissue graft on which a new ligament can grow.
This type of procedure is performed arthroscopically. During arthroscopy your orthopedic surgeon will insert a camera into your joint. Images will then be displayed on screens for him see as he works with small surgical tools. The surgical equipment used in arthroscopy is particularly small, which means that the incisions made in the body will be small, less painful, and will heal much quicker than those made in traditional open surgery.
Recovery will depend on the severity of your injury, as well as your personal condition. Speak to your orthopedic surgeon about rehabilitation, physical therapy, and any lifestyle changes that might be required.